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In a civil lawsuit, an individual or corporation called the plaintiff brings another party, referred to as the defendant, to court. And, as an added benefit, licensed private investigators have access to information that’s usually just reserved for law enforcement. Civil courts handle a wide variety of cases. U.S. Government Cases: For example, if you wanted to sue the FBI, you would file suit in federal court, but if you wanted to sue your local sheriff, your state court will take that case. No matter what kind of case you're involved in, a civil lawsuit can be very expensive. Civil Court cases involve disputes between individuals, businesses, or state or local government. The document that sets civil cases in motion is called a complaint or a petition. In addition to attorney's fees, you are required to pay for filing fees, copying fees, expert witness fees, court reporter fees, transcripts, and many other costs along the way to trial. The plaintiff asks a judge to order the defendant either to pay money or perform a specific action. The basics of civil (as opposed to criminal) court cases, with an overview of the six main phases of a civil trial and a detailed explanation of each. money or … What is a ‘Civil’ Case? Admiralty: Cases that involve navigable water bodies in and around the … This paper sets forth the facts of the case, explains why the court has jurisdiction, and details what the plaintiffs seek as relief for their grievance (e.g. Diversity of Citizenship Cases hat involve suits between citizens of different states or between a U.S. citizen and a foreign country or citizen. Today, federal law requires a civil suit must involve a disputed amount of over $75,000 to be heard by a federal court. Types of Cases In Civil Court. Problem 3CRQ from Chapter 1: The American Civil Liberties Union and the ACLU of Montana filed a federal lawsuit on behalf of two American citizens detained by U.S. Customs and Border Protection for speaking Spanish while shopping at a… Civil cases usually involve private disputes between persons or organizations. Civil cases involve hearings in open court which the public may attend, hearings in the judge’s private room from which the public are excluded, and matters decided by the judge in private but on the basis of the papers alone. Most civil disputes do not end up in court… Legal and Ethical Issues for Health Professions (3rd Edition) Edit edition. Criminal cases involve an action that is considered to be harmful to society as a whole. Learn the differences between civil cases and criminal cases, and more, at FindLaw's Filing a Lawsuit section. 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